Glaucoma is an eye condition that affects the optic nerve due to high pressure inside the eye. Because of immense pressure, the connection between the optic nerve and the brain is severed leading to permanent vision loss.
The Signs and Symptoms of Glaucoma
Before discussing the signs and symptoms of this eye condition, it is important to take note of the types of glaucoma–open-angle and angle-closure. The open-angle type is more common yet more difficult to detect. In fact, it is estimated that about 3 million Americans suffer from this type of condition. The angle-closure type is easy to detect although not
very common. Symptoms may include vision loss, extreme redness, severe eye pain, and nausea. Vision loss happens very suddenly, and treatment can be very difficult.
Are You at Risk?
Unfortunately, everyone is at risk of developing this eye disease. It is crucial to know that certain groups have a higher risk of developing this condition over others. People who are at the age of 40 and beyond have a higher risk of developing this condition. Moreover, people who are diabetic have a higher risk thus they need to get regular medical checkups to check the condition of their eyes. Other conditions that result in the development of glaucoma include high blood pressure and trauma.
There are a variety of treatment options available depending on the severity of the condition. People who suffer a minor condition can manage the initial stage by using special eye drops. If glaucoma is severe, laser surgery can be used to repair the connective tissues between the brain and optic nerve. While it is effective in treating this condition, it is not permanent.
It is important to take note that the treatments work only for those diagnosed with early onset of glaucoma. People who suffer from a latent stage of this disease, treatment is no longer be effective.