A type of vision loss that involves the macula, hence the term macular degeneration. It is the leading cause of blindness as well as severe vision loss among the elderly in many western countries. This condition affects the central vision—the part of the retina that records what we see and sends it to the brain for processing—is affected.
The Causes of Macular Degeneration
The causes of this eye disease can vary from one individual to the other. While the common cause is simply the age of the individual, there are younger people who now suffer from this disease. Another reason why people have this
condition is due to pigmentation. People who have more pigment of the eyes are less likely to suffer from this disease than those who are lightly pigmented. As such, this condition is more common among Caucasians than Africans.
On the other hand, gender also plays a vital role in the progression of macular degeneration. Studies indicate that women are more likely to suffer this condition than men. Although there are no clear studies pointing out such association, experts have assumed that hormonal changes can bring about macular degeneration among women.
Perhaps two of the most overlooked causes of this disease are lifestyle choices and genetics. In terms of lifestyle, people who smoke, increase their risk for this condition. Obesity can also increase the risk for getting this condition. Lastly, your family history can also dictate whether you will have macular degeneration at a later age or not.
There are several options to treat macular degeneration. One of the most common is surgery to correct and stop the macula from getting damaged further. It is also crucial to improve your diet by including nutrients that can benefit your eyesight. These include consuming more leafy greens, fish, and vegetables high in Vitamin A.
The best plan of action to treat macular degeneration is to talk to your doctor so that he or she can design the best treatment for you.